Posted by: | Posted on: December 18, 2019
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Depression, or major depressive disorder, is a mental health condition marked by an overwhelming feeling of sadness, isolation and despair that affects how a person thinks, feels and functions. The condition may significantly interfere with a person’s daily life and may prompt thoughts of suicide.

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Types of depression 
  • Major depression.
  • Persistent depression.
  • Manic depression, or bipolar disorder-Alternating moods of abnormal highs (mania) and lows (depression). Called bipolar disorder because of the swings between these opposing poles in mood. A type of depressive disease. … For example, unwise business or financial decisions may be made when an individual is in a manic phase.
  • Depressive psychosis.
  • Perinatal depression.

Perinatal depression, is a depression in pregnancy, around childbirth or within the first year post‐partum, is a significant problem in households around the world and often occurs comorbidly with other medical or mental health illnesses (for example, pain conditions or anxiety) affecting all members of the family while too often escaping detection and treatment.

  • Premenstrual dysphoric disorder.
  • Seasonal depression.
  • Situational depression.

The symptoms of depression range from mild to severe. At its mildest, you may simply feel persistently low in spirit, while severe depression can make you feel suicidal, that life is no longer worth living. Most people experience feelings of stress, unhappiness or anxiety during difficult times.


Many factors may play a role in depression, including genetics, brain biology and chemistry, and life events such as trauma, loss of a loved one, a difficult relationship, an early childhood experience, or any stressful situation. Depression can happen at any age, but often begins in the teens or early 20s or 30s.But, for the vast majority of people with depression, there is no reason and there is no cause for their feelings. Depression is so often painful and difficult for people because others don’t understand this fact. For many, if there’s no impetus driving the depression, there’s no reason or need to feel depressed.

This “sickness behaviour” is caused by the activation of the body’s immune response. It’s the brain’s way of conserving energy so the body can heal. This immune response can also occur in people with depression. … So it’s too simplistic to say depression is a physical, rather than a psychiatricillness.

The prevalence of adults with a major depressive episode is highest among individuals between 18 and 25. 11.3% of adults who report two or more races have experienced a major depressive episode in the past year. 8.7% of women have depression. 5.3% of men have depression.

Research suggests that depression doesn’t spring from simply having too much or too little of certain brain chemicals. Rather, there are many possible causes of depression, including faulty mood regulation by the brain, genetic vulnerability, stressful life events, medications, and medical problems.

What depression can cause?
Lack of sleep can cause some of the same symptoms as depression — extreme tiredness, loss of energy, and difficulty concentrating or making decisions. In addition, untreated depression may result in weight gain or loss, feelings of hopelessness and helplessness, and irritability.
coping strategies if you’re feeling depressed.
  1. Stay in touch. Don’t withdraw from life.
  2. Be more active. Take up some form of exercise.
  3. Face your fears. Don’t avoid the things you find difficult.
  4. Don’t drink too much alcohol. For some people, alcohol can become a problem.
  5. Try to eat a healthy diet.
  6. Have a routine.
On average, an episode of major depression lasts 4 to 8 months, although this duration can be shortened by treatment. Most people recover within 3 to 6 months with treatment, although it can take longer than this for some.
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