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ECTOPIC PREGNANCY.

Posted by: | Posted on: December 18, 2019
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Ectopic pregnancy is a complication of pregnancy in which the embryo attaches outside the uterus.

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Early warning of ectopic pregnancy

Often, the first warning sign of an ectopic pregnancy is pelvic pain. Light vaginal bleeding may also occur. If blood leaks from the fallopian tube, you may feel increasing abdominal pain, an urge to have a bowel movement or pelvic discomfort.

Diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy
  • A pelvic exam to check the size of your uterus and feel for growths or tenderness in your belly.
  • A blood test that checks the level of the pregnancy hormone (hCG). This test is repeated 2 days later.
  • An ultrasound. This test can show pictures of what is inside your belly.

The structure containing the fetus typically ruptures after about 6 to 16 weeks, long before the fetus is able to live on its own. When an ectopic pregnancy ruptures, bleeding may be severe and even threaten the life of the woman.

Even in the extremely rare cases of live birth by surgery, the mother is at risk as the placenta does not naturally detach and be discharged as afterbirth as in a uterine pregnancy.

However,Laparoscopic procedure can be performed:
In other cases, an ectopic pregnancy can be treated with laparoscopic surgery. In this procedure, a small incision is made in the abdomen, near or in the navel. Next, your doctor uses a thin tube equipped with a camera lens and light (laparoscope) to view the tubal area.
Also a common drug used to treat ectopic pregnancy is methotrexate. This drug stops cells from growing, which ends the pregnancy. The pregnancy then is absorbed by the body over 4–6 weeks. This does not require the removal of the fallopian tube.

An ectopic pregnancy can be fatal without prompt treatment. For example, the fallopian tube can burst, causing internal abdominal bleeding, shock, and serious blood loss. … An embryo cannot survive an ectopic pregnancy. However, if a rupture occurs, the consequences can be serious, and prompt treatment is essential.

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