Posted by: | Posted on: December 19, 2019
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Adolescence, transitional phase of growth and development between childhood and adulthood.

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Adolescence is a period of life with specific health and developmental needs and rights. It is also a time to develop knowledge and skills, learn to manage emotions and relationships, and acquire attributes and abilities that will be important for enjoying the adolescent years and assuming adult roles.

Adolescence now lasts from the ages of 10 to 24, although it used to be thought to end at 19. Young people continuing their education for longer, as well as delayed marriage and parenthood, has pushed back popular perceptions of when adulthood begins.

As nouns the difference between adolescence and adolescent

is that adolescence is the transitional period of physical and psychological development between childhood and maturity while adolescent is a teenager; a juvenile after puberty.

The 3 Stages of Adolescence: Early, Middle, and Late.

Adolescence is broken down into three stages that make up the age period between 10-21. During each stage, varying levels of physical, intellectual, emotional, and social development begin to take place.

The five leading characteristics of adolescence are-Biological growth and development, an undefined status, increased decision making, increased pressures, and the search for self.

The physical changes in boys – between the ages of 13 and 17 — include rapid growth, an increase in body and facial hair, developing sexual organs and undergoing voice changes. In addition, as boys develop sexually, they release nocturnal emissions. The average age for boys to enter puberty is 14 years old.

What happens to girls during adolescence?
This is the start of their breasts growing, and usually happens between the ages of 8 to 13. Their hips, bottom and thighs will probably get bigger and rounder. Inside their body, their ovaries and womb will get larger. Pubic hair will start growing around their vagina and under their arms.
Problems among adolescents
  1. Physical changes.
  2. Emotional changes(anxiety, depression, attention deficit-hyperactivity, and eating).
  3. Behavioral changes.
  4. Substance Use and Abuse.
  5. Educational challenges.
  6. Health problems.
  7. Psychological problems.
  8. Social problems – dating and relationships.
Facing The Challenges Of Adolescence
  1. Know your values. Your values are what you believe in, what you think is right or wrong, and what is most important to you.
  2. Draw up a plan for your life.
  3. Develop yourself.
  4. Have a role model.
  5. Make decisions.
  6. Be Assertive.
  7. Learn a Skill.
  8. Take advantage of holiday periods.
How do you control adolescent Behaviour?
Tips for discipline
  1. Set clear rules about behaviour and communication. For example, you could say, ‘We speak respectfully in our family. ..
  2. Focus on your child’s behaviour and how you feel about it. Avoid any comments about your child’s personality or character.
  3. Set and use consequences, but try not to set too many.

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