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EFFECTS OF NICOTINE.

Posted by: | Posted on: December 24, 2019
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Nicotine is a chemical that contains nitrogen, which is made by several types of plants, including the tobacco plant. It is also produced synthetically. Nicotiana tabacum, the type of nicotine found in tobacco plants, comes from the nightshade family.

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Image result for nicotine meaning

The ability of nicotine to regulate mood and improve cognitive functioning, and acting as a strong reinforcer of tobacco dependence, is probably the motivation for its widespread use.

Products such as cigarettes, cigars, pipe tobacco, chewing tobacco, and wet and dry snuff and the dried leaves from the tobacco plant all contain nicotine. Nicotine is a stimulant drug that speeds up the messages travelling between the brain and body. It may be more addictive than heroin.

Nicotine on direct application in humans causes irritation and burning sensation in the mouth and throat, increased salivation, nausea, abdominal pain, vomiting and diarrhea. Gastrointestinal effects are less severe but can occur even after cutaneous and respiratory exposure.

This surge of adrenaline stimulates the body. There is an immediate release of glucose, as well as an increase in heart rate, breathing activity, and blood pressure. Nicotine also makes the pancreas produce less insulin, causing a slight increase in blood sugar or glucose.

High levels of CO, together with nicotine, increase the risk of heart disease, hardening of the arteries and other circulatory problems. Some of the long-term effects of smoking that may be experienced include: increased risk of stroke and brain damage:-Nicotine stops new brain cells forming.Nicotine can kill brain cells and stop new ones forming in the hippocampus, a brain region involved in memory.The finding might explain the cognitive problems experienced by many heavy smokers during withdrawal, cell death also increased.

The effects of tobacco smoke on the respiratory system include: irritation of the trachea (windpipe) and larynx (voice box) reduced lung function and breathlessness due to swelling and narrowing of the lung airways and excess mucus in the lung passages.

If your lungs are damaged, or if you have a serious illness like COPD, emphysema or lung cancer, you may experience one or more of the following symptoms: Shortness of breath during simple activities ,Pain when breathing. … Pain in the airway (the path air follows to get into and out of the lungs).

Ways to clear the lungs:

  1. Steam therapy. Steam therapy, or steam inhalation, involves inhaling water vapor to open the airways and help the lungs drain mucus.
  2. Controlled coughing.
  3. Drain mucus from the lungs.
  4. Exercise.
  5. Green tea.
  6. Anti-inflammatory foods.
  7. Chest percussion.
Anti-inflammatory foods
  • Tomatoes.They have lycopene and vitamin C that help curb inflammation.

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  • Olive oil.Extra-virgin olive oil can reduce inflammation, which may be one of the main reasons for its health benefits. … Key among them is oleocanthal, which has been shown to work similarly to ibuprofen, an anti-inflammatory drug.

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  • Green leafy vegetables.Leafy greens like spinach, kale, chard, arugula, endive, turnip greens, beet greens, and collard greens all contain significant concentrations of vitamins and other nutrients that have been found to reduce chronic inflammation.

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  • Nuts.In particular, almonds, hazelnuts, pecans, and peanuts are excellent sources of vitamin E.Vitamin E may protect the body from the effects of harmful free radicals and have been shown to reduce inflammation.

Image result for nuts anti inflammatory

  • Fatty fish like salmon, mackerel, tuna, and sardines.Fatty fish boast high amounts of the omega-3 fatty acids, which have anti-inflammatory effects.

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  • Fruits such as strawberries.With anti-inflammation properties, strawberries are an excellent food to help in arthritis pain relief. They’re rich in vitamin C and fiber and have shown to help lower cholesterol, boost the immune system, and regulate blood pressure.

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NOTE:When you stop smoking, the lungs begin to heal immediately.Within the first month after you quit smoking, your lung function will improve, and this will increase circulation, too. Within nine months, the cilia begin to function normally and symptoms like coughing and shortness of breath become less frequent.
Generally, nicotine will leaves your blood within 1 to 3 days after you stop using tobacco, and cotinine will be gone after 1 to 10 days. Neither nicotine nor cotinine will be detectable in your urine after 3 to 4 days of stopping tobacco products.

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