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PROBLEM IDENTIFICATION AND SOLVING.

Posted by: | Posted on: December 26, 2019
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Problem Identification consists of: Clearly identifying the root cause of a problem. Developing a detailed problem statement that includes the problem’s effect on a population’s health.

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A research problem is a definite or clear expression [statement] about an area of concern, a condition to be improved upon, a difficulty to be eliminated, or a troubling question that exists in scholarly literature, in theory, or within existing practice that points to a need for meaningful understanding and deliberate.

Problem-solving is important both to individuals and organizations because it enables us to exert control over our environment. … Problem-solving gives us a mechanism for identifying these things, figuring out why they are broken and determining a course of action to fix them.

There are 4 types of problems we encounter daily.They are,
  • The simple problem.
  • The complicated problem. This is the kind of problem where you have a known unknown.
  • The complex problem.Complex or wicked problems are typically defined as those that include the ability to approach them from multiple, sometimes competing, perspectives and which may have multiple possible solutions. Wicked issues can be defined as problems in which there is little or no.
  • The chaotic problem.Means a problem where you don’t know cause & effect and they cannot be determined because there is no time or no possibility to determine them.
Effective Problem Solving
Problem solving is the process of working through details of a problem to reach a solution.It may include mathematical or systematic operations and can be a gauge of an individual’s critical thinking skills.
The five most common methods: trial and error, difference reduction, means-ends analysis, working backwards, and analogies.
Here are seven-steps for an effective problem-solving process.
  1. Identify the issues. Be clear about what the problem is.
  2. Understand everyone’s interests.
  3. List the possible solutions (options).
  4. Evaluate the options.
  5. Select an option or options.
  6. Document the agreement(s).
  7. Agree on contingencies, monitoring, and evaluation.

Barriers to problem solving are confirmation bias, mental set, functional fixedness, unnecessary constraints, and irrelevant information.

Common characteristics of problem solvers.

Good problem solvers are good thinkers. They have less drama and problems to begin with and don’t get overly emotional when faced with a problem. They usually see problems as challenges and life experiences and try to stand above them, objectively.They listen to their intuition.

  • They have an “attitude”
  • They re-define the problem.
  • They have a system.
  • They avoid the experience trap.
  • They consider every position as though it were their own.
  • They recognize conflict as often a prerequisite to solution.

 

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