COMMON TYPES OF ADDICTION.Posted by: amazingkozi | Posted on: December 27, 2019
Addiction is the repeated involvement with a substance or activity, despite the substantial harm it now causes, because that involvement was (and may continue to be) pleasurable and/or valuable.
Risk factors for the disorder include mental health disorders like bipolar disorder, mood disorders, and substance abuse disorders, especially cocaine and/or alcohol abuse or addiction. Though similar in many ways, food addiction is different from binge eating disorder.
Factors such as peer pressure, physical and sexual abuse, early exposure to drugs, stress, and parental guidance can greatly affect a person’s likelihood of drug use and addiction.Genetic and environmental factors interact with critical developmental stages in a person’s life to affect addiction risk.
- Alcohol.Alcohol abuse disorder refers to a long-term addiction to alcohol.A person with this condition does not know when or how to stop drinking. They spend a lot of time thinking about alcohol, and they cannot control how much they consume, even if it is causing serious problems at home, work, and financially.
- Tobacco/Nicotine.Nicotine dependence also called tobacco dependence is an addiction to tobacco products caused by the drug nicotine. Nicotine dependence means you can’t stop using the substance, even though it’s causing you harm. Nicotine produces physical and mood-altering effects in your brain that are temporarily pleasing.
- Drugs (over-the-counter, prescription, illegal).
Increased strain on the liver, which puts the person at risk of significant liver damage or liver failure. Seizures, stroke, mental confusion and brain damage. Lung disease. Problems with memory, attention and decision-making, which make daily living more difficult.
- Gambling.A gambling addiction is when you are unable to control your desire to gamble, and you continue to gamble even though gambling leads to financial and social problems.The evidence indicates that gambling activates the brain’s reward system in much the same way that a drug does.They argue that people prone to addiction have an underactive brain reward system and that such people are drawn to ways to stimulate their reward pathways,which can include the highs of drugs and gambling.
- Coffee.Caffeine addiction is the excessive and/or harmful use of caffeine over a period of time, which has negative effects on your health, social interactions, or other areas of your life. As caffeine is a widely accepted and used drug, many people don’t believe caffeine can be addictive.Caffeine is a stimulant that increases alertness and enhances concentration in consumers. However, regular ingestion of the drug alters the brain’s chemical makeup, and can cause fatigue, headaches, and nausea when attempting to quit.
- Food.Food addiction refers to when the need to eat becomes compulsive or uncontrollable.This compulsive behavior may be in response to an emotion, such as stress, sadness, or anger. The human body needs food to function, but food addiction is when a person becomes dependent on certain types of foods.
- Video games.Video game addiction is described as an impulse control disorder, which does not involve use of an intoxicating drug and is very similar to pathological gambling.Consequences of video game addiction can showcase in a number of ways, including wrist, neck and elbow pain, skin blisters, calluses and sleep disorders. Long-term addiction could lead to obesity, weakness or numbness in the hands (peripheral neuropathy) and even blood clots.
- Internet/Social Media.Internet addiction is a mental condition characterized by excessive use of the internet, usually to the detriment of the user. Addiction is generally understood to be a mental disorder involving compulsive behavior. When someone is constantly online, they may be described as addicted to it.In addition to high exposure to technology, there are many other reasons why a person can become an Internet addict. For example, people suffering from anxiety and depression can have the predisposition to have an Internet addiction; their lack of emotional support makes them turn to the Internet to fill this need.