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LEARNING A NEW LANGUAGE.

Posted by: | Posted on: December 27, 2019
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language is a system of communication which consists of a set of sounds and written symbols which are used by the people of a particular country or region for talking or writing. … You can refer to the words used in connection with a particular subject as the language of that subject.
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The process by which humans acquire the capacity to perceive and comprehend language (in other words, gain the ability to be aware of language and to understand it), as well as to produce and use words and sentences to communicate is called language acquisition.
The Hardest Part of Learning a New Language
  • The Very Beginning. For most people learning their first foreign language, the very beginning is the hardest part.
  • Learning Thousands of New Words. A language has lots of words.
  • Remembering the Words You Learned.
  • Understanding Native Speakers.
  • Speaking with Strangers.
  • Consistency & Making It a Routine.
If you’re struggling to learn a new language, breathe, you’re not alone.But, why is it so hard to learn a foreign language, anyway?It’s hard because it challenges both your mind (your brain has to construct new cognitive frameworks) and time (it requires sustained, consistent practice).It is also hard because it requires brand new cognitive frameworks. Simply translating the new structures through the filter of a native language isn’t learning. It’s memorizing.
The elements of language are, listening, speaking, reading and writing, depends on vocabulary, grammar and context.
  • The five main components of language are phonemes, morphemes, lexemes, syntax, and context.
  • A phoneme is the smallest unit of sound that may cause a change of meaning within a language but that doesn’t have meaning by itself.

There are eight types of learning:learning cues, stimulus-response learning, coupling, verbal association, discrimination, double, learning concepts, learning principles, and the last is problem solving.

If you are able to put in 10 hours a day to learn a language, then basic fluency in the easy languages should take 48 days, and for difficult languages 72 days. Accounting for days off, this equates to two months or three months time. If you only put in five hours a day, it will take twice as long.

How to Study Any Language Effectively: 

  1. Try to remember tons of new words at once.
  2. Try to memorize all grammar rules.
  3. Forget about listening.
  4. Read classic literature to learn new words.
  5. Spend all your time studying from textbooks.
  6. Consider the target language a task to complete.
Methods ofImmersing Yourself in the Language
  1. Connect with a native speaker. Hands down, the best way to learn a new language is to speak it.
  2. Study the language every day.
  3. Carry a dictionary at all times.
  4. Watch, listen, read and write in your chosen language.
  5. Visit a country where your chosen language is spoken.
Challenges of learning a second language
  • Acquiring grammar skills. Grammar is the study of words, how they are used in sentences, and how they change in different situations.
  • Acquiring adequate vocabulary.Vocabulary is all about words — the words in a language or a special set of words you are trying to learn.
  • Acquiring a reasonable accent.Broadly stated, your accent is the way you sound when you speak. There are two different kinds of accents. One is a ‘foreign’ accent; this occurs when a person speaks one language using some of the rules or sounds of another one.

While studies have shown learning a new language is good for the brain and can protect against Alzheimer’s, adults often find it more difficult to become proficient in a second language later in life. Children have a much easier time with the grammar because they learn in a different way than adults do.

 

 

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